The beamline ID02 is primarily a combined small-angle, wide-angle, and ultra small-angle scattering instrument (SAXS, WAXS, USAXS, respectively). The high brilliance of an undulator source is exploited to probe the microstructure and non-equilibrium dynamics of soft matter and related systems from a few Angstroms to micron scale, and down to sub-millisecond time range. On specific systems, it is now possible to perform ultra-small-angle X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy USA-XPCS which allows probing equilibrium dynamics in the micron range.
The scientific application of the ID02 beamline can be broadly divided into three domains; (1) soft condensed matter, (2) noncrystalline structural biology, and (3) interdisciplinary areas of soft matter, biology, and nanoscience. Soft matter studies most often involve probing the equilibrium and the nonequilibrium microstructure, while the structural biology work is largely centered around the structure-function relationship. In the interdisciplinary topics, the hierarchical structure of the self-assembled exotic nanostructures is elucidated.
Some of the techniques used in softmatter research can be directly applied to industrial research and development problems.