The 3.4 km long European XFEL generates extremely intense X-ray flashes to be used by researchers from all over the world. The flashes are produced in underground tunnels and will allow scientists to map atomic details of viruses, film chemical reactions, and study the processes in the interior of planets.
Operated by the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) as part of the ELBE-Center for High-power Radiation sources, FELBE is the only free-electron-laser facility in Europe open to users providing a continuous pulse train (cw mode) at MHz repetition rate (13 MHz). The two free-electron lasers cover the mid- and far-infrared spectral range from 4 – 250 µm.
FERMI (acronym for Free Electron laser Radiation for Multidisciplinary Investigations) is the new seeded free electron laser (FEL) facility under commissioning with external users next to the third-generation synchrotron radiation facility Elettra. Unique among the FEL sources currently operating in the ultraviolet and soft x-ray range worldwide, FERMI has been developed to provide fully coherent ultrashort (10-100 femtosecond) pulses with a peak brightness ten billion times higher than that made available by third-generation light sources. FERMI is opening unique opportunities for exploring the structure and transient states of condensed matter, soft matter and low-density matter using a variety of diffraction, scattering and spectroscopy techniques.
The two FLASH experimental halls "Kai Siegbahn" (left) and "Albert Einstein" (right) are located between the PETRA III experimantal halls.
TheSwissFEL is based on a novel technology holding exceptional promises for diverse areas of scientific research. Serving our society's modern trends "smaller, faster, more complex", SwissFEL will provide unprecedented insights into structures as small as an atom and into phenomena as fast as the vibrations of molecular bonds. It will also reveal the secrets behind the inner complexity of technologically relevant materials
TELBE provides world-wide unique repetition rates for high-field THz pulses up to the MHz regime and thereby will enable to probe the THz driven dynamics with duty-cycle hungry spectroscopic techniqes such as time-resolved spectroscopic ellipsometry, time-resolved ARPES or time-resolved near-field microscopy.