European Synchrotron Radiation Facility
ID09 - Beamline for Structural Dynamics

ID09 is an undulator beamline for time-resolved diffraction, scattering and x-ray emission experiments. Most experiments use laser/X-ray pump-probe to "snapshot" transient states of the sample at a given delay between the laser and X-ray pulses. By varying the delay, the transient structure (or electronic state) is thus "filmed" with 100 ps time resolution. In addition a stopped-flow apparatus is available for probing irreversible reactions with 10 ms resolution.

The beamline can provide pink X-ray pulses of very high intensity. In 4-bunch mode for example, the U17 undulator produces 5 x 109 ph/pulse at 15 keV in a 4% bandwidth. The beam is focused to 45 um by a toroidal mirror. The pink beam can be monochromatised by a multi-layer monochromator with 2.0% bandwidth or by Si(111) or Ge(111) crystals between 8-24 keV. 

The beamline has two choppers. The white beam is first intercepted by a heatload chopper that reduces the transmitted power to 12.5% (90 us pulses at 986.3 Hz) to relieve downstream components from high heatload. These pulses are focused to 45 um by a toroidal mirror. 1.5 m upstream the focus, the beam is intercepted by the Julich Chopper that can isolate single X-ray pulses from the 4-bunch, 16-bunch and 7/8+1 filling modes at 986.3 Hz. The pulse length of of X-ray pulses at the ESRF is 80-160 ps (FWHM).

The beamline has two laser systems for reaction initiation.A sapphire laser with 1.2 ps pulses that can be tuned by a TOPAS OPA in the wavelength range 265-1500 nm. That laser runs at 986.3 Hz. In addition, a 5 ns laser is available for protein reactions on slower time scales or for dynamic compression experiments at 1064 nm where the pulse energy is 350 mJ/pulse. The wavelength range is 354-1500 nm.

 

 

Beamline Energy Resolution
0.00014 [meV] @ 8.5 [eV]
Beamline Resolving Power
0.00014 [deltaE/E] @ 8.5 [eV]
Beamline Energy Range
8500 - 24000 [eV]
Max Flux On Sample
5 * 109 [ph/s] @ 15 [eV]
Spot Size On Sample Vert
50 [um]
Divergence Hor
0.4 [mrad]
Divergence Vert
0.026 [mrad]
Photon Sources

U17_invac, U27_inair

Type
Undulator
Monochromators
Other Optics
Endstations or Setup

From June 2018, one end-station EH2

Sample

Sample Type
Other:

Manipulator or Sample stage

Description
Circle diffractometer:
X, Y & Z sample positioning

Sample Environment

Description
Flow through capillary circulation system
Description
Liquid jet circulation system:
2 different nozzles available, flat jet nozzle & round jet nozzle; liquid circulating
Description
Nanosecond-laser:
Tunable laser from 410 to 2000 nm (+ 355 nm); Up to 30 mJ pulse energy in visible
spectral range
▶ Less than 5 cm⁻¹ linewidth
▶ 3 – 5 ns pulse duration
▶ 10 Hz pulse repetition rate
For excitation of sample (liquid)
Together with 16GHz Oscilloscope, to time with x-ray-beam pulses
Description
Picosecond-laser:
• Chirped Pulse Amplification scheme
• Integrated Evolution-30 pump laser, stretcher, regenerative amplifier and compressor
• Pulse width: 1-2 ps
• High energy, high efficiency design‍
• up to 3.5 W at 800 nm and 1 kHz repetition rate
For excitation of sample (liquid or solid)
Together with 16GHz Oscilloscope, to time with x-ray-beam pulses
Description
Mix of liquids from 4 different syringes through capillary
Sample: liquid (up to 4 different liquids; for time-resolved experiments after rapid mixing)
Detectors

Rayonix HS170

Passive or Active (Electronics)
Active

Detection

Detected Particle
Electron
Support Laboratories
contacts
Matteo Levantino
Michael WULFF
Techniques
Diffraction
  • Crystallography
  • Crystallography (biological macromolecules)
  • Powder diffraction
  • Time-resolved studies
Emission or Reflection
  • Time-resolved studies
  • X-ray fluorescence (XRF)
Scattering
  • Elastic scattering
  • Small angle scattering
  • Time-resolved scattering
  • Wide angle scattering
Disciplines
Chemistry
  • Other - Chemistry
Earth Sciences & Environment
  • Other - Earth Sciences & Environment
Energy
  • Sustainable energy systems
Engineering & Technology
  • Space
Physics
  • Atomic & molecular physics
Address
ESRF - European Synchrotron
CS 40220
38043 Grenoble Cédex 9, FRANCE
control/Data analysis
Control Software Type
  • spec
Data Output Type
  • *.edf
Data Output Format
  • *.chi
Softwares For Data Analysis
  • WAXSGUI (ESRF)
Numerical simulations with user conditions
n.a.
Equipment That Can Be Brought By The User
Smaller sample cells can be mounted on the 1-circle diffractometer like flow cells for liquid experiments, cooling chambers etc. Users can bring class 3 lasers with prior approval from the safety group.
Other Equipment Available On Site
Two choppers are available: the heatload chopper can provide 90 us pulses of pink beam and the high-speed Julich Chopper can provide 265 ns pulses. The frequency of the pulses is 986.3 Hz.
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