NANOSCOPIUM is a hard X-ray nanoprobe beamline, which is dedicated to fast scanning multi-modal and multi-lengthscale imaging. It offers simultaneous information in a quantitative manner and in the same experimental conditions, in 2D & 3D about the elemental composition, chemical speciation and sample morphology. Namely, Nanoscopium offers a large portfolio of complementary nano-imaging and spectro-microscopy methods, also in association with coherent diffraction imaging and full field micro-tomography techniques. The cutting edge multi-modal possibilities are available at the beamline at hierarchical length-scales in order to tailor, through several orders of magnitude, the field of view (µm-mm) and spatial resolution (35 nm – 1µm) to the experimental needs.

 

Available analytical techniques:

  • X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) nanoprobe: open for user applications
  • X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XANES): open for user applications
  • Full field X-ray microtomography: open for user applications
  • XRF tomography: please contact the beamline scientists
  • Absorption-, Phase-, and Dark Field contrast imaging & tomography: please contact the beamline scientists
  • Coherent Diffraction Imaging (Ptychography): please contact the beamline scientists

Acquisition modes:

  • 2D at multiple lengthscales
  • 3D by full field microtomography tomography & scanning tomography
  • Fast continuous sample scanning (FLYSCAN, multi-detector architecture) with down to ms dwell time/pixel
  • Network architecture: 10 Gbits tailored to the au high data flux produced by the ensemble of detectors (1 TOctets per day)

Two nanoprobe stations are in exploitation in sequential mode:

FZP-based nanoprobe, CX2 :

  • Nano-focusing optics: chromatic, FZP
  • Fast multimodal and multi-lengthscale imaging with highest spatial resolution down to 35 nm by Ptychography
  • Full field X-ray microtomography in absorption and phase contrast modes

KB-based nanoprobe, CX3 :

  • Nanofocusing optics: chromatic,  KB (JTEC)
  • Fast multimodal and multi-lengthscale imaging with spatial resolution down to 50 nm. High photon flux providing high analytical sensitivity (ppm range) for elemental and chemical speciation characterization
Beamline Energy Resolution
0.5 [eV]
Beamline Resolving Power
1 * 10-4 [deltaE/E]
Beamline Energy Range
5 - 20 [keV]
Max Flux On Sample
5 * 1010 [ph/s]
Spot Size On Sample Hor
70 - 1000 [nm]
Spot Size On Sample Vert
70 - 1000 [nm]
Photon Sources

Cryo-U18

Type
Undulator
Monochromators

Fixed exit Double Crystal Si(111)

Energy Range
5 - 20 [keV]
Resolving Power
1 * 10-4 [deltaE/E]
Other Optics

CX2 station

Description
Sample environment :
- Nano-focusing optics: chromatic focusing, Fresnel Zone plates (FZP) developed in collaboration with PSI (Christian David).

CX3 station

Description
Sample environment :
- Nanofocusing optics: achromatic diffraction limited focusing, High optical quality Kirkpatrick-Baez (KB) mirror-pair (JTEC), its opto-mechanical system has been provided by Bruker.

Entrance Optics

Description
Mirrors (vertical and horizontal focusing) for prefocusing and harmonics rejection (Si and Rh coating).
Endstations or Setup

Fresnel-Zone based nanoprobe, CX2

Description
Fast multimodal and multilength-scale imaging with spatial resolution adjustable between 100 x 100 nm2 and 1 x 1 µm2 by FLYSCAN. Spatial resolution down to 35 nm is available by Ptychography.
Flux on sample: 10^8-9 ph/s at 15 keV in the focused nano-beam

Available: Single element Si Drift Detector (SDD, Ketek)
4-channel XMAP(Xia, inc)
4-channel FALCON (Xia, inc)
Pixel-detector:
EIGER 500K
MerlinX
X-Ray camera with inderect conversion:
Scintillateurs + optics with magnifications of (G2, G5, G10) ORCA FLASH
Scintillateur + optics with magnification of (G4) PCO.Edge
Microscopes
optical microscope (~µm resolution) for sample alignment
Endstation Operative
Yes

Sample

Sample Type
Crystal, Amorphous, Fiber, Powder

KB-based nanoprobe, CX3

Description
Achromatic nano-focusing optics

Fast multimodal and multi-lengthscale imaging for elemental (scanning XRF), chemical characterisation (XANES, spectromicroscopy) and morphological (scanning differential phase contrast and dark field) characterisation.
Spatial resolution at sample: ~50 x 50 nm2 to 1 x 1 µm2 by FLYSCAN.
Flux on sample: 10^10 ph/s at 15 keV

Available detectors:
Single element Si Drift Detector (SDD, Ketek)
Fast digital multichannel analyser:
4-channel XMAP & FALCON (Xia, inc)

Pixel-detector: JUNGFRAU 500k
Microscopes
optical microscope (~2 µm resolution) for sample alignment
Endstation Operative
Yes

Sample

Sample Type
Crystal, Amorphous, Fiber, Powder
Detectors

Detectors

Description
Single element Si Drift Detector (SDD, Ketek)

Multi-element XRF (4 SDD) (RaySpec)

Fats digital multichannel analuser:

4-channel FALCON (Xia, inc)
Pixel-detector: EIGER 500K

Pixel-detector: JUNGFRAU 500k

2 X-Ray camera with inderect conversion:

Scintillateurs + optics with magnifications of (G2, G5, G10) ORCA FLASH
Scintillateur + optics with magnification of (G4) PCO.Edge

Detection

Detected Particle
Photon

Pixel-detector: EIGER 500K

Detection

Detected Particle
Photon

Pixel-detector: JUNGFRAU 500k

Detection

Detected Particle
Photon

Pixel-detector: MerlinX

Detection

Detected Particle
Photon

Single element Si Drift Detector (SDD, Ketek)

Description
Fast digital multichannel analyser:

4-channel XMAP & FALCON (Xia, inc)

Detection

Detected Particle
Photon

X-Ray camera with inderect conversion: Scintillateur + optics with magnification of (G4) PCO.Edge

Detection

Detected Particle
Photon

X-Ray camera with inderect conversion: Scintillateurs + optics with magnifications of (G2, G5, G10) ORCA FLASH

Detection

Detected Particle
Photon
Techniques
Absorption
  • NEXAFS
Emission or Reflection
  • Micro XRF
  • X-ray fluorescence (XRF)
Imaging
  • Coherent diffractive imaging
  • Ptychography
  • X-ray microscopy
  • X-ray tomography
Scattering
  • Coherent scattering
Disciplines
Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Catalysis
  • Green Chemistry
Earth Sciences & Environment
  • Geology
  • Global change & Climate observation
  • Marine science/Oceanography
  • Natural disaster, Desertification & Pollution
  • Other - Earth Sciences & Environment
  • Plant science
  • Technique Development - Earth Sciences & Environment
Energy
  • Other - Energy
  • Sustainable energy systems
Humanities
  • Arts
  • Cultural Heritage
Life Sciences & Biotech
  • Agriculture & Fisheries
  • Biophysics
  • Medicine
  • Molecular and cellular biology
  • Other - Life Sciences & Biotech
  • Pharmaceutics (drug screening)
  • Technique Development - Life Sciences & Biotech
Material Sciences
  • Other - Material Sciences
Physics
  • Astronomy/Astrophysics/Astroparticles
  • Surfaces, interfaces and thin films
control/Data analysis
Control Software Type
  • Tango, Spyc
Data Output Type
  • elemental distribution maps, morphology distribution maps, XANES spectra, absorption and phase contrast microtomograms
Data Output Format
  • nxs/hdf5 format
Softwares For Data Analysis
  • PyMCA, ImageJ
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